Minimizing Risks and Complications with Deep Venous Disease Treatment Devices: All You Need to Know
Deep venous diseases are potentially life-threatening conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. These conditions can range from mild to severe, and they can lead to various complications, such as pain, swelling, blood clots, and ulcers.
These diseases occur in deep veins, such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), deep vein reflux, deep vein obstruction, and chronic venous insufficiency in deep veins.
Fortunately, medical advancements have led to the development of various devices used for treating and preventing these conditions.
According to a study published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), globally, one out of 20 people develops DVT during their lifetime, emphasizing the need for safe and effective deep venous disease treatment devices.
In this blog, we will discuss the different types of devices used in the treatment or prevention of deep venous diseases, providing a comprehensive guide to help individuals understand their options and make informed decisions about their health.
1. Thrombectomy and Thrombolysis Device
Thrombectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves the removal or breaking up of the clot using a long catheter with a mechanical device attached to the tip. The device can be used to break up or remove the clot, restoring blood flow to the affected area.
Thrombolysis, on the other hand, involves the use of clot-busting drugs to dissolve the clot. The drugs can be administered either through an intravenous line or directly to the site of the blockage using a catheter.
Thrombectomy and thrombolysis devices have gained popularity in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) with their ability to prevent the recurrence of the disease, providing long-term relief to the patients.
For instance, in June 2020, a study published on NCBI evaluated the long-term efficacy of surgical thrombectomy for treating iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Iliofemoral DVT is a type of DVT that occurs in the iliac vein and the femoral vein, which are located in the pelvis and thigh, respectively.
After a mean follow-up of 8.5 years, the study concluded that surgical thrombectomy showed excellent patency rates compared to the contralateral non-treated leg.
2. Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter
An inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is a small device that is inserted into the inferior vena cava, which is the large vein that carries blood from the lower body to the heart.
IVC filters are used to stop blood clots from traveling to the lungs by treating deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which can lead to the potential risk of pulmonary embolism (PE).
There are two main types of IVC filters: permanent IVC filters (pIVCFs) and retrievable IVC filters (rIVCFs).
Permanent IVC filters (pIVCFs): These filters are typically used in patients who have a high risk of developing blood clots but are not good candidates for blood-thinning medication.
These IVC filters are designed to remain in place permanently, trapping any clots that may form and preventing them from reaching the lungs. Although they are not designed for removal, advanced retrieval techniques can sometimes be used to remove them.
Retrievable IVC filters (rIVCFs): These filters are designed to be temporary devices that can be removed once the risk of pulmonary embolism has passed. They work in the same way as pIVCFs but are held in place by hooks, barbs, or radial pressure.
Once the risk of PE has passed, the filter can be removed using a percutaneous approach, which involves inserting a catheter through the skin and into the IVC to remove the device.
3. Peripheral Vascular Stent
Peripheral stents are an essential tool in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
Peripheral stents are small, tubular metal scaffolds that can be inserted into peripheral vessels to treat narrowing or blockage within arteries or veins, resulting in improved blood flow.
To insert a stent, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter is used to open and insert a small balloon into the narrowed or blocked vein to make it wider.
Once the vein is widened, a stent is inserted to keep the vein open after the balloon is inflated. This allows the blood to flow through the stented area and improves circulation.
Moreover, catheters can also be used for guiding clot-dissolving drugs to the specific clots that are causing issues. This method, called catheter-directed thrombolysis, involves inserting a catheter directly into the impacted vein and delivering the medication straight to the clot.
4. PTA Balloon Catheter
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is a minimally invasive catheterization procedure that involves inserting a catheter with an inflatable balloon on its tip to widen a narrowed vessel opening.
The catheter is guided to the narrowed space, and the deflated balloon is positioned and inflated for a period of time before it is deflated again and removed.
This technique is commonly used to treat conditions such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) by widening the narrowed or blocked blood vessels.
Moreover, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is often done in conjunction with thrombectomy or thrombolysis procedures to effectively remove the clot and restore blood flow.
5. Accessory Device
Accessory devices are essential components that aid in the successful completion of a deep venous medical procedure.
Some major accessory devices used during different procedures include guidewires, sheaths, diagnostic catheters, and guiding catheters.
Guidewire: It is a thin, flexible wire that is used to navigate through the veins and arteries to the site of the blockage. It is often used in combination with catheters to gain access to the blocked area.
Sheath: It is a hollow tube-like structure that is inserted into a blood vessel to provide a pathway for other devices, such as catheters or guidewires, to reach the site of the blockage. Sheaths come in various sizes and shapes to fit different types of catheters and guidewires.
Diagnostic Catheters: These catheters are used to inject contrast dye into the veins or arteries to help identify the location and extent of the blockage. This allows the surgeon or physician to plan the treatment accordingly.
Guiding Catheters: These catheters are also used to provide support and guidance to the primary catheter during the procedure. They are specially designed to navigate through the twists and turns of the blood vessels to reach the site of the blockage.
6. Compression Device/Stockings
Compression devices are non-invasive methods for preventing deep venous diseases, particularly deep vein thrombosis.
Increasing awareness of preventative devices, such as compression stockings and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices, is leading to the growth of deep venous disease treatment devices in the market.
According to data insights from BIS Research, the global deep venous disease treatment devices market was valued at $1.11 billion in 2022 and is anticipated to reach $2.41 billion by 2032, witnessing a CAGR of 7.72% during the forecast period 2023–2032.
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Furthermore, compression stockings are worn on the legs and provide compression to the muscles and veins, helping to prevent the formation of blood clots.
Similarly, intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices are used to prevent blood clot formation in the deep veins.
These devices use cuffs that are filled with air and placed around the legs. The cuffs apply pressure on the legs at regular intervals, helping to increase the blood flow in the veins of the legs and prevent blood clot formation.
These devices are particularly helpful for individuals who are at risk of developing blood clots due to prolonged periods of immobility or after surgery.
The treatment of deep venous diseases has been transformed by the advancement of various medical devices.
From minimally invasive catheterization procedures to compression devices, these medical technologies have proven to be effective in preventing and treating deep vein thrombosis and other related conditions.
With the ever-growing demand for better healthcare services and the technological advancements in vascular stents and IPC devices, the deep venous disease treatment devices market is set to experience significant growth in the coming years.
It is evident that the development of these advanced technologies is creating new opportunities for manufacturers, healthcare providers, and patients, and the future of deep venous disease treatment looks promising.
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