How can neoantigen vaccines be the next breakthrough in cancer treatment?

  • The first step is to take a tumor sample from the body of the patient for laboratory testing. It allows in getting detailed insights that help in the better understanding of the tumor profile.
  • The next step followed by the researchers is exome sequencing of both normal and tumor cells. It helps researchers to scan the specific mutations present inside the tumor cells, like extra DNA pairs being deleted or inserted.
  • The next step is to identify the specific tumor mutation in the patients that help immune systems to attract and react to T cells that can fight cancer cells. Several companies have started developing and training their algorithms for achieving higher precision degrees.
  • As per the predicted neoantigens, which can be used in the patient’s immune systems to protect them from cancer cells, the specific and personalized vaccine is delivered inside the human body.

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